Campus Units

Agronomy

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

2020

Journal or Book Title

Agronomy Journal

DOI

10.1002/agj2.20311

Abstract

Diversified crop rotation, sequence of crops within a rotation, and management system may affect durum (Triticum turgidum L.) yield and quality. This study investigated the impact of stacked vs. alternate‐year rotation and conventional vs. ecological management system on dryland durum growth, yield, quality, and N relations from 2008 to 2011 in the northern Great Plains. Stacked rotations were durum‐durum‐canola (Brassica napus L.)‐pea (Pisum sativum L.) (DDCP) and durum‐durum‐flax (Linum usitatissimum L.)‐pea (DDFP). Alternate‐year rotations were durum‐canola‐durum‐pea (DCDP) and durum‐flax‐durum‐pea (DFDP). Continuous durum (CD) was also included for comparison. Conventional management included the combination of tillage, recommended seed rate, broadcast N fertilization, and reduced stubble height; ecological management included no‐tillage, increased seed rate, banded N fertilization, and greater stubble height. Durum height was 4 to 7 cm taller in the ecological than the conventional management with DCDP, DDCP, and DFDP. Plant height, spike number, grain yield, aboveground biomass, N accumulation, N removal index, and N‐use efficiency were 8 to 46% greater in the ecological than the conventional management in wet years, but were 15 to 26% greater in the conventional management in dry years. Plant height, spike number, aboveground biomass, and seed weight varied with crop rotations and years. The ecological management improved durum growth, yield, and N relations in wet years, but the conventional management was superior in dry year. Producers can enhance dryland durum yield and quality by using the ecological management, especially in wet years, rather than relying on crop rotations.

Comments

This is a manuscript of an article published as Lenssen, Andrew W., Upendra M. Sainju, Brett L. Allen, William B. Stevens, and Jalal D. Jabro. "Diversified crop rotation and management system influence durum yield and quality." Agronomy Journal (2020). doi: 10.1002/agj2.20311.

Rights

Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

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