Campus Units

Agronomy

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

1-1-2019

Journal or Book Title

Meteorological Monographs

Volume

59

Issue

1

First Page

19.1

Last Page

19.41

DOI

10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-18-0023.1

Abstract

This chapter outlines the development of our understanding of several examples of mesoscale atmospheric circulations that are tied directly to surface forcings, starting from thermally driven variations over the ocean and progressing inland to man-made variations in temperature and roughness, and ending with forced boundary layer circulations. Examples include atmospheric responses to 1) overocean temperature variations, 2) coastlines (sea breezes), 3) mesoscale regions of inland water (lake-effect storms), and 4) variations in land-based surface usage (urban land cover). This chapter provides brief summaries of the historical evolution of, and tools for, understanding such mesoscale atmospheric circulations and their importance to the field, as well as physical processes responsible for initiating and determining their evolution. Some avenues of future research we see as critical are provided. The American Meteorological Society (AMS) has played a direct and important role in fostering the development of understanding mesoscale surface-forced circulations. The significance of AMS journal publications and conferences on this and interrelated atmospheric, oceanic, and hydrological fields, as well as those by sister scientific organizations, are demonstrated through extensive relevant citations.

Comments

This is published as Kristovich, David AR, Eugene Takle, George S. Young, and Ashish Sharma. "100 years of progress in mesoscale planetary boundary layer meteorological research." Meteorological Monographs 59 (2019): 19.1-19.41. doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-18-0023.1. Posted with permission.

Rights

© Copyright 2019 American Meteorological Society (AMS). For permission to reuse any portion of this work, please contact permissions@ametsoc.org. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 U.S. Code §?107) or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 USC § 108) does not require the AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a website or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, requires written permission or a license from the AMS. All AMS journals and monograph publications are registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (https://www.copyright.com). Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy statement, available on the AMS website (https://www.ametsoc.org/PUBSCopyrightPolicy).

Copyright Owner

American Meteorological Society

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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