`In the matter of forest and other resources, nature has dealt more gingerly with Norway than we are led to suppose. Its northerly position and large areas with relatively high elevations, scoured by past glaciation, are factors unfavorable to the development of extensive hardwood or coniferous forest areas and to large agricultural activities. The absence of coal and the scarcity of most minerals have stood in the way of industrial expansion, and the generally very rugged topography has seriously curtailed railroad and highway construction. Consequently, the people have been forced to obtain a livelihood by fishing, ocean-carrying freight, stock raising, and to some extent by dairying and by the sale of forest products.
Larsen, J. A.
"Forest Plantations in Norway,"
Ames Forester: Vol. 13
, Article 5.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/amesforester/vol13/iss1/5