The Mesquite1 (Prosopis relutina Wooten) is one of the most outstanding shrubs or trees of the desert regions of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Mexico. Its rather low forming branches covered with leaves where each leaf is made up of 6 to 30 leaflets, makes this tree a conspicuous outstanding vegetative form as compared with the grease wood and the cactus. The Mesquite is practically the only tree that thrives in a hot dry climate such as one experiences in southern Arizona and New Mexico. To the travelers in this region the distribution of this plant is of special importance, for through it he is able to obtain fire wood for his camp fire. The wood is hard, and when dry is equal to either hickory or white oak for burning purposes. In many places it is the only wood obtainable.
Bakke, A. L.
"The Water Relations of the Mesquite,"
Ames Forester: Vol. 3
, Article 8.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/amesforester/vol3/iss1/8