Indonesia consists of an island chain 3,000 miles long spanning the ocean from Malaya in Southeastern Asia to Australia. The archipelago is surrounded by the Pacific and Indian Oceans and the South China Sea. The land area of Indonesia is roughly equivalent to the land area of the United States East of the Mississippi River. The major islands include Java, Kalimantan, (Indonesian part of Borneo), Sulawesi (Celebes), Sumatra, and a number of the islands in the Lesser Sunda group including Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, and Timor. The latter group of Islands are the renowned “Spice Islands”. More recently, West Irian (New Guinea) was transferred to the jurisdiction of Indonesia, and now is included in the some 3,000 islands making up the archipelago.
Bensend, D. W. and Sukotjo, Wiratmoko
Ames Forester: Vol. 50
, Article 7.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/amesforester/vol50/iss1/7