Effects are the results of conduct. Such conduct may be good or bad, and canons of ethics are the outgrowth of practices, both and bad. No society is perfect; therefore friction, which is frequently the sign of unethical conduct, exists in all society. From period to period, and from place to place, certain standards of conduct have been listed as acceptable, and others nonacceptable. These standards have not necessarily been the same in different places at the same time, nor at different times in the same place. Seldom among society as a whole have these accepted standards of conduct been written in the form of law, or for that matter written at all. Most are impressed upon the individual before maturity by parents, or associates, or are learned, belatedly, while the results of nonadherence are being endured.
Patterson, A. E.
"The Professional Code of Ethics,"
Ames Forester: Vol. 56
, Article 5.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/amesforester/vol56/iss1/5