Management of commercial forest resources in North America has undergone two transitions and is about to undergo a third. First is the transition from old growth to second growth which is akin to moving from a “coal mining ethic" to a “hunt and gather society." Second is the transition from second growth to managed forests. While some old growth still exists, commercial forestry is essentially at the forest management stage. The next transition will be designed forests.
Bentley, William R.
"Future Forest Design,"
Ames Forester: Vol. 67
, Article 4.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/amesforester/vol67/iss1/4