Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy
Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory
Physical Review B
The compound EuCo2-yAs2 with the tetragonal ThCr2Si2 structure is known to contain Eu+2 ions with spin S = 7/2 that order below a temperature T-N approximate to 47 K into an antiferromagnetic (AFM) proper helical structure with the ordered moments aligned in the tetragonal ab plane, perpendicular to the helix axis along the c axis, with no contribution from the Co atoms. Here we carry out a detailed investigation of the properties of single crystals. We consistently find about 5% vacancies on the Co site from energy-dispersive x-ray analysis and x-ray diffraction refinements. Enhanced ordered and effective moments of the Eu spins are found in most of our crystals. Electronic structure calculations indicate that the enhanced moments arise from polarization of the d bands, as occurs in ferromagnetic Gd metal. Electrical resistivity measurements indicate metallic behavior. The low-field in-plane magnetic susceptibilities x(ab) (T < T-N) for several crystals are reported that are fitted well by unified molecular field theory (MFT), and the Eu-Eu exchange interactions J(ij) are extracted from the fits. High-field magnetization M data for magnetic fields H parallel to ab reveal what appears to be a first-order spin-flop transition followed at higher field by a second-order metamagnetic transition of unknown origin, and then by another second-order transition to the paramagnetic (PM) state. For H parallel to c, the magnetization shows only a second-order transition from the canted AFM to the PM state, as expected. The critical fields for the AFM to PM transition are in approximate agreement with the predictions of MFT. Heat capacity C-p measurements in zero and high H are reported. Phase diagrams for H parallel to c and H parallel to ab versus T are constructed from the high-field M(H, T) and C-p(H, T) measurements. The magnetic part C-mag(T, H = 0) of C-p(T, H = 0) is extracted and is fitted rather well below T-N by MFT, although dynamic short-range AFM order is apparent in Cmag(T) up to about 70 K, where the molar entropy attains its high-T limit of R ln 8.
Department of Energy Subject Categories
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)