Ames Laboratory; Materials Science and Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering, Ames Laboratory
Alnico is a prime example of a finely tuned nanostructure whose magnetic properties are intimately connected to magnetic annealing (MA) during spinodal transformation and subsequent lower temperature annealing (draw) cycles. Using a combination of transmission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography, we show how these critical processing steps affect the local composition and nanostructure evolution with impact on magnetic properties. The nearly 2-fold increase of intrinsic coercivity (Hci) during the draw cycle is not adequately explained by chemical refinement of the spinodal phases. Instead, increased Fe-Co phase (α1) isolation, development of Cu-rich spheres/rods/blades and additional α1 rod precipitation that occurs during the MA and draw, likely play a key role in Hci enhancement. Chemical ordering of the Al-Ni-phase (α2) and formation of Ni-rich (α3) may also contribute. Unraveling of the subtle effect of these nano-scaled features is crucial to understanding on how to improve shape anisotropy in alnico magnets.
Department of Energy Subject Categories
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)