Publication Date

5-15-2018

Department

Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy

Campus Units

Ames Laboratory, Physics and Astronomy

OSTI ID+

1460403

Report Number

IS-J 9705

DOI

10.1016/j.snb.2018.05.067

Journal Title

Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical

Volume Number

271

First Page

195

Last Page

202

Abstract

Tailored design/fabrication of electroanalytical materials with highly-active exposed crystal planes is of great importance for the development of electrochemical sensing. In this work, combining experimental and theoretical efforts, we reported a facile strategy to fabricate TiO2 nanocrystals with tunable electrochemical performance for heavy metal detection. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations indicated that TiO2 (001) facet showed relative larger adsorption energy and lower diffusion energy barrier toward heavy metal ions, which is favorable for obtaining better electrochemical stripping behaviors. Based on this prediction, a series of TiO2 nanocrystals with different ratios of exposed (001) and (101) facets were synthesized. Electrochemical stripping experiments further demonstrated that with the increase of the percentage of exposed (001) facet, the sensitivity toward Pb(II) and Cd(II) was increased accordingly. When the percentage of exposed (001) facet was increased from 7% to 80%, the sensitivity increased by 190% and 93% for Pb(II) and Cd(II), respectively. Our work provides an effective route to construct advanced electroanalytical materials for sensing.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

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