Publication Date

6-27-2018

Department

Ames Laboratory; Materials Science and Engineering; Physics and Astronomy

Campus Units

Materials Science and Engineering, Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory

OSTI ID+

1464476

Report Number

IS-J 9723

DOI

10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b01042

Journal Title

Langmuir

Volume Number

34

Issue Number

28

First Page

8374

Last Page

8378

Abstract

Surface-sensitive X-ray reflectivity and grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering reveal the structure of polymer-capped-gold nanoparticles (AuNPs that are grafted with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide); PNIPAM–AuNPs) as they self-assemble and crystallize at the aqueous suspension/vapor interface. Citrate-stabilized AuNPs (5 and 10 nm in nominal diameter) are ligand-exchanged by 6 kDa PNIPAM-thiol to form corona brushes around the AuNPs that are highly stable and dispersed in aqueous suspensions. Surprisingly, no clear evidence of thermosensitive effect on surface enrichment or self-assembly of the PNIPAM–AuNPs is observed in the 10–35 °C temperature range. However, addition of simple salts (in this case, NaCl) to the suspension induces migration of the PNIPAM–AuNPs to the aqueous surface, and above a threshold salt concentration, two-dimensional crystals are formed. The 10 nm PNIPAM–AuNPs form a highly ordered single layer with in-plane triangular structure, whereas the 5 nm capped NPs form short-range triangular structure that gradually becomes denser as salt concentration increases.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

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