Ames Laboratory; Materials Science & Engineering; Chemistry
Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering, Ames Laboratory
Journal of Materials Science
Solid-state mechanochemical synthesis of alane (AlH3) starting from sodium hydride (NaH) and aluminum chloride (AlCl3) has been achieved at room temperature. The transformation pathway of this solid-state reaction was controlled by a step-wise addition of AlCl3 to the initial reaction mixture that contained sodium hydride in excess of stoichiometric amount. As in the case of previously investigated LiH-AlCl3 system, complete selectivity was achieved whereby formation of unwanted elemental aluminum was fully suppressed, and AlH3 was obtained in quantitative yield. Reaction progress during each step was investigated by means of solid-state NMR and powder X-ray diffraction, which revealed that the overall reaction proceeds through a series of intermediate alanates that may be partially chlorinated. The NaH-AlCl3 system present some subtle differences compared to LiH-AlCl3 system particularly with respect to optimal concentrations needed during one of the reaction stages. Based on the results we postulate that high local concentrations of NaH may stabilize chlorine-containing derivatives and prevent decomposition into elemental aluminum with hydrogen evolution. Complete conversion with quantitative yield of alane was confirmed both by SSNMR and hydrogen desorption analysis.
DOE Contract Number(s)
Department of Energy Subject Categories
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)