Ames Laboratory; Materials Science and Engineering
Ames Laboratory, Materials Science and Engineering
Physical Review B
The magnetocaloric effect of gadolinium has been measured directly in pulsed magnetic fields up to 62 T. The maximum observed adiabatic temperature change is Delta T-ad = 60.5 K, the initial temperature T-0 being just above 300 K. The field dependence of Delta T-ad is found to follow the usual H-2/3 law, with a small correction in H-4/3. However, as H is increased, a radical change is observed in the dependence of Delta T-ad on T-0, at H = const. The familiar caret-shaped peak situated at T-0 = T-C becomes distinctly asymmetric, its high-temperature slope becoming more gentle and evolving into a broad plateau. For yet higher magnetic fields, mu H-0 greater than or similar to 140 T, calculations predict a complete disappearance of the maximum near T-C and an emergence of a new very broad maximum far above T-C.
DOE Contract Number(s)
SPP 1599; HRSF-0045; AC02-07CH11358
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