Title

Surface energies, adhesion energies, and exfoliation energies relevant to copper-graphene and copper-graphite systems

Publication Date

1-24-2019

Department

Ames Laboratory; Chemistry; Materials Science and Engineering; Physics and Astronomy

Campus Units

Ames Laboratory, Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering, Physics and Astronomy

OSTI ID+

1492339

Report Number

IS-J 9814

DOI

10.1016/j.susc.2019.01.009

Journal Title

Surface Science

Volume Number

685

First Page

48

Last Page

58

Abstract

We have generated precise values for several key energies that are relevant to Cu-graphene or Cu-graphite systems. Such systems may find technological applications that range from graphene synthesis, to condensation heat transfer, to electrical contacts to graphene, to composites. Using density functional theory, we have calculated surface energies of the three low-index faces of bulk Cu. We find that these surface energies, calculated with the PBEsol functional, are significantly higher than with the more common PBE functional and agree more closely with experiment. We have also calculated the surface energies of graphene and graphite, the exfoliation energy between graphene and graphite, and the adhesion energies between graphene or graphite and a Cu(111) slab. The adhesion energy between a carbon layer and Cu(111) is close to the exfoliation energy and cleavage energy of graphite, the four sets of values spanning a range of only 0.394–0.456 J/m2. Our results are consistent with the earlier experimental observation of three-dimensional growth of Cu on top of graphite. The energies are also used to perform a continuum Winterbottom analysis and also discrete (atomistic) variants of this analysis to predict the equilibrium shapes of Cu particles supported on graphite.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

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