Publication Date

9-28-2018

Department

Ames Laboratory; Materials Science and Engineering

Campus Units

Ames Laboratory, Materials Science and Engineering

OSTI ID+

1478989

Report Number

IS-J 9785

DOI

10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.09.365

Journal Title

Journal of Alloys and Compounds

Volume Number

774

First Page

321

Last Page

330

Abstract

We study crystal structure, phase transitions and magnetism of pseudo-binary TmxDy1-xAl2 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) compounds using temperature dependent X-ray powder diffraction, specific heat and magnetization measurements, first principles, and model calculations. In low external magnetic fields, Dy-rich compounds undergo continuous, second-order phase transitions at the respective Curie temperatures, TC. In contrast, the Tm-rich compounds exhibit discontinuous, first-order anomalies in the magnetically ordered states. These sharp transitions correlate with a substantial energy difference between the room temperature cubic and ground state rhombohedral structures of TmAl2. A clear anomaly in the lattice parameter is observed at ∼30 K for x = 0.5, which nearly coincides with TC = 31.2 K. The effective quadrupolar moment of the lanthanides changes sign around x = 0.5, which leads to a nearly zero anisotropy constant and approximately spherical effective 4f charge densities, providing an explanation for the lack of structural distortions below TC for x = 0.5. The calculations confirm [001] as the easy magnetization axis in the ground state tetragonal structure of DyAl2, and reveal collapse of the orbital magnetic moment when the easy magnetization direction changes to [111]. Within the rhombohedral ground state of TmAl2 [111] is the easy magnetization direction.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

Available for download on Saturday, September 28, 2019

Included in

Metallurgy Commons

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