Lead‐Free Semiconductors: Soft Chemistry, Dimensionality Control, and Manganese‐Doping of Germanium Halide Perovskites
Ames Laboratory; Chemistry; Chemical Instrumentation Facility
Ames Laboratory, Chemistry, Chemical Instrumentation Facility
Lead halide perovskites have drawn enormous interest due to their exceptional photovoltaic and optoelectronic properties. However, the heavy metal lead is harmful to humans and the environment resulting in a need for strategies to replace this toxic element. Herein, we report a facile aqueous synthesis of CsGeX3 (X=I, Br) perovskite nanocrystals with size control achieved by varying the concentration of a cysteammonium halide ligand. We observe a variety of morphologies including pyramidal, hexagonal, and spheroidal. CsGeX3 nanocrystals undergo a lattice expansion due to partial replacement of Cs+ with larger cysteNH3+ cations into their lattice. We successfully dope Mn2+into the CsGeX3 lattice for the first time with incorporation of up to 29% in bulk and 16% in nano samples. XRD peak shifts and EPR hyperfine splitting strongly indicate that Mn2+ is doped into the lattice. Our results introduce a new member to the lead‐free halide perovskite family and set the fundamental stage for their use in optoelectronic devices.
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)