Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy
Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory
Physical Review Materials
We present a comprehensive study of the critical current densities and the superconducting vortex phase diagram in the stoichiometric superconductor CaKFe4As4 which has a critical temperature of ∼35K. We performed detailed magnetization measurements both of high quality single crystals for different orientations in an applied magnetic field up to 16 T and for a powder sample. We find an extremely large critical current density, Jc, up to 108A/cm2 for single crystals when H∥(ab) at 5K, which remains robust in fields up to 16T, being the largest of any other iron-based superconductor. The critical current density is reduced by a factor 10 in single crystals when H∥c at 5 K and significantly suppressed by the presence of grain boundaries in the powder sample. We also observe the presence of the fishtail effect in the magnetic hysteresis loops of single crystals when H∥c. The flux pinning force density and the pinning parameters suggest that the large critical current could be linked to the existence of point core and surface pinning. Based on the vortex phase diagram and the large critical current densities, CaKFe4As4 is now established as a potential iron-based superconductor candidate for practical applications.
DOE Contract Number(s)
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)