Publication Date

3-20-2019

Department

Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy

Campus Units

Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory

OSTI ID+

1556116; 1527144

Report Number

IS-J 9930

DOI

10.1016/j.actamat.2019.03.021

Journal Title

Acta Materialia

Volume Number

170

First Page

15

Last Page

23

Abstract

The formation possibility of a new (Zr0.25Nb0.25Ti0.25V0.25)C high-entropy ceramics (ZHC-1) was first analyzed by the first-principles calculations and thermodynamical analysis and then it was successfully fabricated by hot pressing sintering technique. The first-principles calculation results showed that the mixing enthalpy of ZHC-1 was 5.526 kJ/mol and the mixing entropy of ZHC-1 was in the range of 0.693R–1.040R. The thermodynamical analysis results showed that ZHC-1 was thermodynamically stable above 959 K owing to its negative mixing Gibbs free energy. The experimental results showed that the as-prepared ZHC-1 (95.1% relative density) possessed a single rock-salt crystal structure, some interesting nanoplate-like structures, and high compositional uniformity from nanoscale to microscale. By taking advantage of these unique features, compared with the initial metal carbides (ZrC, NbC, TiC and VC), it showed a relatively low thermal conductivity of 15.3 ± 0.3 W/(m⋅K) at room temperature, which was due to the presence of solid solution effects, nanoplates and porosity. Meanwhile, it exhibited the relatively high nanohardness of 30.3 ± 0.7 GPa and elastic modulus of 460.4 ± 19.2 GPa and the higher fracture toughness of 4.7 ± 0.5 MPa m1/2, which were attributed to the solid solution strengthening mechanism and nanoplate nanoplate pullout and microcrack deflection toughening mechanism.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

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