Publication Date

11-1-2019

Department

Ames Laboratory; Materials Science and Engineering

Campus Units

Materials Science and Engineering, Ames Laboratory

OSTI ID+

1564589

Report Number

IS-J 10000

DOI

10.1016/j.enconman.2019.111948

Journal Title

Energy Conversion and Management

Volume Number

199

First Page

111948

Abstract

We report operation of a device designed specifically for rapid experimental evaluation of performance of magnetocaloric materials in different magnetic fields using a compact active magnetic regenerator bed with a total volume of approximately 5 mL. Other features of the system include digital control of the rotating-permanent-magnet field source and custom dual-opposed syringe pump that enable precise tuning and coupling of the flow profile and the magnetic field profile. Performance of the device is demonstrated for flow volumes between 1 and 4 mL (utilization from 0.48 to 1.9), maximum magnetic fields of 1.13 and 1.45 T, and applied cooling powers from 0 to 20 W at frequencies from 0.5 to 4 Hz. A regenerator comprised of 25 g of 200 µm spherical Gd powder reached temperature spans of 19.3 K under no applied cooling load and 2.6 K under the maximum applied cooling load of 20 W. The device also achieves a very high specific exergetic cooling power of 73 W L−1 T−1. Results obtained at two different maximum magnetic fields in the same device suggest a powerful new scaling for regenerator performance: the exergetic power quotient. The exergetic power quotient shows a simple scaling of device cooling performance with the amount of active material and the magnetic field strength. This suggests results from a small device correlate to expected performance of a larger regenerator, making the exergetic power quotient a well-suited parameter for evaluating functionality of active magnetic regenerators employing new magnetocaloric materials.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

Available for download on Wednesday, September 23, 2020

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