Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy
Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory
American Journal of Physics
Cycloidal paths are ubiquitous in physics. Here, we show that representative cycloidal paths in physics can be described as superpositions of translations and rotations of a point through space. Using this unifying principle, the parametric equations of the path of a point on a rolling disk are derived for rolling without slipping, rolling with frictionless slipping, and when kinetic solid-on-solid friction is present during rolling with slipping. In a similar way, the parametric equations versus time for the orbit with respect to a star of a moon in a circular orbit about a planet that is in a circular orbit about a star are derived, where the orbits are coplanar. The parametric equations versus time for the path of the magnetization vector during undamped electron-spin resonance are found using the same principle, which show that cycloidal paths can occur under specified conditions.
DOE Contract Number(s)
Department of Energy Subject Categories
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)