Publication Date

9-17-2019

Department

Ames Laboratory; Chemistry

Campus Units

Ames Laboratory, Chemistry

OSTI ID+

1571456

Report Number

IS-J 10061

DOI

10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b03740

Journal Title

Chemistry of Materials

Volume Number

31

Issue Number

20

First Page

8286

Last Page

8300

Abstract

Magnesium, element no. 12 on the periodic table, is the second member of the alkaline-earth metal family. Often, Mg is considered as an electropositive metal like its heavier congeners, Ca, Sr, and Ba. In this review, another important aspect of Mg chemistry, namely, the ability to form covalent bonds to more electronegative elements, is considered with a focus on pnictides. Magnesium’s flexible coordination numbers and bond distances are similar to those of main group elements (Al) or late- and post-transition metals (Mn, Cu, Zn, Cd). In this work, selected Mg-pnictides are discussed to emphasize the chemical and structural diversity of Mg which results in a variety of physical properties. Thermoelectric, Mg-ion battery, and nonlinear optical applications of select Mg-containing compounds are summarized, providing examples on the exploitation of Mg chemical bonding flexibility for the design of novel functional materials.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

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