Ames Laboratory; Materials Science and Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering, Ames Laboratory
Spherical powder is key for achieving good heat transfer and maintaining low pressure drop for heat transfer fluid in magnetocaloric regenerator. Obtaining relatively large spherical powder of rare earth metals that are extremely sensitive to oxygen is challenging. Comparing to gas atomization and plasma rotating electrode methods, rotating disk atomization (RDA) method is more robust for obtaining a small amount of powder with a short turn-around time, thereby, more suitable for research and development of new magnetocaloric materials. In this work, commercially bulk gadolinium was successfully atomized to produce spherical powder in the targeted 150–250 μm range. The obtained powder exhibited the expected magnetocaloric performance with a maximum change of magnetic entropy of 12.1 J/kg K and a maximum adiabatic temperature change of 12.8 K with an applied magnetic field of 7 T.
DOE Contract Number(s)
Department of Energy Subject Categories
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)