Publication Date

11-15-2019

Department

Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy

Campus Units

Ames Laboratory, Physics and Astronomy

OSTI ID+

1574814

Report Number

IS-J 10089

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevB.100.195405

Journal Title

Physical Review B

Volume Number

100

Issue Number

19

First Page

195405

Abstract

Various properties of Pb(111) nanofilms, prototypical quantum films, have been studied extensively. However, key ab initio-level energy barriers for Pb adatom diffusion on stepped Pb(111) nanofilm surfaces are still not available. Using first-principles density functional theory, we calculate these barriers for films with thicknesses of few monolayers (ML). We find that two-atom exchange is always much more favorable than direct hopping to cross A- or B-type steps. Ehrlich-Schwoebel (ES) barriers for downward transport to a higher-coordination step-edge site depend strongly on the film thickness. For such transport from 2- to 1-ML terraces, or from 4- to 3-ML terraces, there is no an ES barrier, but large ES barriers of more than 100 meV are found from 3- to 2-ML terraces. We also obtain the barriers for diffusion along the step edges and find that these step-edge barriers are significantly larger than terrace diffusion barriers. In addition, we analyze energetics for diffusion on the top flat surface of a nanofilm supported on a vicinal surface, and thus having underlying buried or ghost steps. We quantify the tilted potential energy surface in both ghost A- and B-step regions separating 2- and 3-ML (as well as 3- and 4-ML) terraces. Consequences are discussed for the growth kinetics of supported Pb nanofilms, where the support does not strongly affect electronic states within the film.

DOE Contract Number(s)

CHE-1507223; AC02-07CH11358; FG02-04ER46148

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

Share

COinS