Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
In this study, we compiled all the first principles calculations performed on RE-TM5 (RE: rare earth, TM: transition metal) system to address the following question: Has everything been tried to improve the hard magnetic properties of this special intermetallic compound, and are there any venues that are worth pursuing? As it is the case with the first principles studies in any field, they are driven mainly by experimental work: (i) to validate their results, and (ii) to extend our understanding of the underlying physical phenomena so that the theory in hand can be used as a predictive tool to shed light on certain what-if scenarios. Our analysis indicates that three major compounds are investigated more than others: (1) YCo5, because it can potentially be an intermediate-performance hard magnet, and the presence of yttrium with no localized 4f electrons simplifies calculations significantly, (2) SmCo5, because it has the largest magnetic anisotropy energy among all RE hard magnets as well as very impressive high temperature performance, (3) CeCo5, because Ce is the most abundant rare earth element with a curious 4f electron behavior that gives rise to pronounced deviations in its structural and magnetic properties across the lanthanides series. This is followed by a brief analysis of several ab initio approaches that were developed to treat these rather complicated systems both at 0 K and at finite temperatures. Towards the end, we elucidate the role of exchange-correlation approximations such as local density approximations (LDA) and generalized gradient approximation (GGA) formulation in determining the MAE and Ms by analyzing their corresponding density of states (DOS), and providing our results on a rather overlooked hard-magnetic material: LaCo5.
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36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)
Available for download on Sunday, September 26, 2021