Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy
Ames Laboratory, Physics and Astronomy
The realization of metamaterials or metasurfaces with simultaneous electric and magnetic response and low loss is generally very challenging at optical frequencies. Traditional approaches using nanoresonators made of noble metals, while suitable for the microwave and terahertz regimes, fail at frequencies above the near-infrared, due to prohibitive high dissipative losses and the breakdown of scaling resulting from the electron mass contribution (kinetic inductance) to the effective reactance of these plasmonic meta-atoms. The alternative route based on Mie resonances of high-index dielectric particles normally leads to structure sizes that tend to break the effective-medium approximation. Here, we propose a subwavelength dark-state-based metasurface, which enables configurable simultaneous electric and magnetic responses with low loss. Proof-of-concept metasurface samples, specifically designed around telecommunication wavelengths (i.e., λ ≈ 1.5 μm), were fabricated and investigated experimentally to validate our theoretical concept. Because the electromagnetic field energy is localized and stored predominantly inside a dark resonant dielectric bound state, the proposed metasurfaces can overcome the loss issue associated with plasmonic resonators made of noble metals and enable scaling to very high operation frequency without suffering from saturation of the resonance frequency due to the kinetic inductance of the electrons.
DOE Contract Number(s)
AC02-07CH11358; NA0003525; 320081
Department of Energy Subject Categories
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)