Title

Silica-Supported Organolanthanum Catalysts for C–O Bond Cleavage in Epoxides

Publication Date

2-12-2020

Department

Ames Laboratory; Chemistry

Campus Units

Ames Laboratory, Chemistry

OSTI ID+

1601279

Report Number

IS-J 10158

DOI

10.1021/jacs.9b11606

Journal Title

Journal of the American Chemical Society

Volume Number

142

Issue Number

6

First Page

2935

Last Page

2947

Abstract

Single-site organolanthanum complexes supported on mesoporous silica nanoparticles, La{C(SiHMe2)3}n@MSNs, catalyze the ring-opening hydroboration reaction of aliphatic and styrenic epoxides with pinacolborane (HBpin). The surface-bound complexes, synthesized by reaction of the homoleptic tris(alkyl)lanthanum La{C(SiHMe2)3}3 and SBA-type MSN treated at 700 °C (MSN700), are mostly monopodal ≡SiO—La{C(SiHMe2)3}2 and contain an average of one bridging La↼H—Si per alkyl ligand. This structure was established through a combination of solid-state NMR (SSNMR) experiments, including J-resolved SiH coupling and quantitative 29Si measurements, diffuse reflectance IR, and elemental analysis. These rigorous analyses also established that grafting reactions in pentane provide a preponderance of ≡SiO—La{C(SiHMe2)3}2 sites and are superior to those in benzene and THF, and that grafting onto MSN treated at 550 °C (MSN550) results in a mixture of surface species. The single-site supported catalysts are more selective and in most cases more active than the homogeneous analogue, allow easy purification of products from the catalyst, are strongly resistant to leaching into solution phase, and may be recycled for reuse at least five times. After reaction of La{C(SiHMe2)3}n@MSN and HBpin, species including ≡SiO—La{C(SiHMe2)3}(H2Bpin) and ≡SiO—La{C(SiHMe2)3}{κ2–pinB–O(CMe2)2OBH3} are identified by detailed 1D and 2D 11B SSNMR experiments.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

IS-J 10158 SI.pdf (1242 kB)
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