Publication Date

3-22-2019

Department

Ames Laboratory; Chemistry

Campus Units

Chemistry, Ames Laboratory

OSTI ID+

1509486

Report Number

IS-J 9872

DOI

10.1021/jacs.9b00896

Journal Title

Journal of the American Chemical Society

Volume Number

141

Issue Number

15

First Page

6325

Last Page

6337

Abstract

Single-site supported organometallic catalysts bring together the favorable aspects of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis while offering opportunities to investigate the impact of metal–support interactions on reactivity. We report a (dmPhebox)Ir(III) (dmPhebox = 2,6-bis(4,4-dimethyloxazolinyl)-3,5-dimethylphenyl) complex chemisorbed on sulfated zirconia, the molecular precursor for which was previously applied to hydrocarbon functionalization. Spectroscopic methods such as diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transformation spectroscopy (DRIFTS), dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP)-enhanced solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR) spectroscopy, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) were used to characterize the supported species. Tetrabutylammonium acetate was found to remove the organometallic species from the surface, enabling solution-phase analytical techniques in conjunction with traditional surface methods. Cationic character was imparted to the iridium center by its grafting onto sulfated zirconia, imbuing high levels of activity in electrophilic C–H bond functionalization reactions such as the stoichiometric dehydrogenation of alkanes, with density functional theory (DFT) calculations showing a lower barrier for β-H elimination. Catalytic hydrogenation of olefins was also facilitated by the sulfated zirconia-supported (dmPhebox)Ir(III) complex, while the homologous complex on silica was inactive under comparable conditions.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC-02-06CH11357; AC-02-07CH11358; AC02-06CH11357; AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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