Publication Date

3-2020

Department

Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy

Campus Units

Ames Laboratory, Physics and Astronomy

OSTI ID+

1604072

Report Number

IS-J 10174

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevApplied.13.034020

Journal Title

Physical Review Applied

Volume Number

13

Issue Number

3

First Page

034020

Abstract

We propose a method for ultrasensitive infrared (IR) vibrational spectroscopy of molecules with nanoscale footprints by combining the tip enhancement of a scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscope (s-SNOM) and the plasmon enhancement of breathing-mode (BM) plasmon resonances of graphene nanodisks (GNDs). To demonstrate this, we develop a quantitative model that is capable of computing accurately the s-SNOM signals of nanoscale samples. With our modeling, we show that the s-SNOM tip can effectively excite gate-tunable BM plasmonic resonances in GNDs with strong field enhancement and sensitive dependence on the size of GND. Moreover, we demonstrate that the intense electric field of tip-excited plasmonic BMs can strongly enhance the IR vibrational modes of molecules. As a result, IR vibrational signatures of individual molecular particles with sizes down to 1–2 nm are readily observable by s-SNOM. Our study sheds light on future ultrasensitive IR biosensing that takes advantage of both the tip and plasmon enhancement.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

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