Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy
Ames Laboratory, Physics and Astronomy
Physical Review Applied
We propose a method for ultrasensitive infrared (IR) vibrational spectroscopy of molecules with nanoscale footprints by combining the tip enhancement of a scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscope (s-SNOM) and the plasmon enhancement of breathing-mode (BM) plasmon resonances of graphene nanodisks (GNDs). To demonstrate this, we develop a quantitative model that is capable of computing accurately the s-SNOM signals of nanoscale samples. With our modeling, we show that the s-SNOM tip can effectively excite gate-tunable BM plasmonic resonances in GNDs with strong field enhancement and sensitive dependence on the size of GND. Moreover, we demonstrate that the intense electric field of tip-excited plasmonic BMs can strongly enhance the IR vibrational modes of molecules. As a result, IR vibrational signatures of individual molecular particles with sizes down to 1–2 nm are readily observable by s-SNOM. Our study sheds light on future ultrasensitive IR biosensing that takes advantage of both the tip and plasmon enhancement.
DOE Contract Number(s)
Department of Energy Subject Categories
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)