Publication Date

4-2020

Department

Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy

Campus Units

Ames Laboratory, Physics and Astronomy

OSTI ID+

1615164

Report Number

IS-J 10200

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevX.10.021013

Journal Title

Physical Review X

Volume Number

10

Issue Number

2

First Page

021013

Abstract

A grand challenge underlies the entire field of topology-enabled quantum logic and information science: how to establish topological control principles driven by quantum coherence and understand the time dependence of such periodic driving. Here we demonstrate a few-cycle THz-pulse-induced phase transition in a Dirac semimetal ZrTe5 that is periodically driven by vibrational coherence due to excitation of the lowest Raman active mode. Above a critical THz-pump field threshold, there emerges a long-lived metastable phase, approximately 100 ps, with unique Raman phonon-assisted topological switching dynamics absent for optical pumping. The switching also manifests itself by distinct features: nonthermal spectral shape, relaxation slowing near the Lifshitz transition where the critical Dirac point occurs, and diminishing signals at the same temperature that the Berry-curvature-induced anomalous Hall effect magnetoresistance vanishes. These results, together with first-principles modeling, identify a mode-selective Raman coupling that drives the system from strong to weak topological insulators with a Dirac semimetal phase established at a critical atomic displacement controlled by the phonon coherent pumping. Harnessing of vibrational coherence can be extended to steer symmetry-breaking transitions, i.e., Dirac to Weyl ones, with implications for THz topological quantum gate and error correction applications.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358; SC0012704; SC0019137; EECS 1611454

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

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