Journal of Applied Physics
The coercivity of RE2Fe14B-type permanent magnets is strongly influenced by the microstructural features such as grain boundary (GB) phases as well as grain sizes. We have combined micromagnetic simulations and experiments to elucidate the role of excess RE (Nd/Pr) in determining the resulting hard magnetic properties of Nd–Pr–Fe–B melt-spun ribbons. The intrinsic coercivity (Hc) at room temperature significantly enhanced from 9.7 kOe to 15.3 kOe with the increase in the Nd/Pr content. Furthermore, the effect of non-magnetic grain refining refractory carbide (TiC) on both the microstructure and magnetic hardening was studied. The addition of TiC showed a very high coercivity Hc of up to 19.0 kOe at room temperature. Micromagnetic simulation indicates that the coercivity enhancement is mainly due to the reduction of inter-grain magnetic interaction, which is due to the RE-rich nonmagnetic grain boundary (GB) phase and/or TiC distributed at the GB. This work provides useful information on the roles of non-magnetic grain boundary phases for improving the coercivity of Nd–Pr–Fe–B magnets. Combined with experimental and modeling results, we have discussed the mechanism responsible for the enhancements in coercivity and the suitability of the alloys for high-performance permanent magnet development.
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)