Publication Date

10-21-2020

Department

Ames Laboratory; Chemistry

Campus Units

Ames Laboratory, Chemistry

OSTI ID+

1709122

Report Number

IS-J 10334

DOI

10.1021/acs.jpcb.0c07582

Journal Title

The Journal of Physical Chemistry B

Volume Number

124

Issue Number

44

First Page

9931

Last Page

9937

Abstract

Room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) hold promise for applications in electric double layer capacitors (EDLCs), owing to a much wider potential window, lower vapor pressure, and better thermal and chemical stabilities compared to conventional aqueous and organic electrolytes. However, because the low diffusivity of ions in neat RTILs negates the EDLCs’ advantage of high power density, the ionic liquids are often used in mixture with organic solvents. In this study, we measured the diffusivity of cations and anions in RTIL, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) ([BMIM+][TFSI–]), mixed with 10 organic solvents, by using the pulsed-field gradient NMR method. The ion diffusivity was found to follow that of neat solvents and in most studied solvents showed an excellent agreement with the predicted values reported in the recent molecular dynamics (MD) study [Thompson, M. W.; J. Phys. Chem. B 2019, 123, 1340−1347]. In two solvents consisting of long-chain molecules, however, the MD simulations predictions slightly underestimated the ionic diffusivities. The degree of ion dissociation was also estimated for each solvent by comparing the ionic conductivity with the molar conductivity derived from the diffusion measurements. The degree of ion dissociation and the hydrodynamic radius of ions suggest that the ions are coordinated by ∼1 solvent molecule. The scarcity of solvent–ion interactions explains the fact that the diffusivity of ions in the mixture significantly depends on the viscosity of the solvent.

DOE Contract Number(s)

AC02-07CH11358

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

Available for download on Thursday, October 21, 2021

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