Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy
Ames Laboratory, Physics and Astronomy
Physical Review B
We analyze several methods of obtaining the accurate relativistic total energy (TE) variations using traditional perturbation theories (PTs) and proposed coupling constant integration (CCI) methods. For this purpose, we perform benchmark calculations within the density functional theory taking the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and its derivative as a perturbation. The TE change due to SOC addition obtained from both PTs and CCI is shown to reach the accuracy of fully self-consistent TE calculations. Similar accuracy is also obtained even for the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE). The real advantage of the proposed methods is to use PTs and CCI methods in those electronic structure methods where accurate total energies currently cannot be obtained with required accuracy. Correspondingly, we demonstrate the applicability of suggested methods for calculations of MAE in different magnetic materials using a dynamic mean-field method. All suggested PTs and CCI methods also provide convenient site, orbital, and spin decompositions of the TE variation, creating a powerful way to analyze microscopic physics in strongly correlated materials.
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)