Publication Date

2-15-2018

Department

Ames Laboratory; Materials Science and Engineering; Mechanical Engineering

Campus Units

Materials Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Ames Laboratory

OSTI ID+

1415793

Report Number

IS-J 9519

DOI

10.1016/j.actamat.2017.12.024

Journal Title

Acta Materialia

Volume Number

145

First Page

369

Last Page

376

Abstract

Future advancements in magnetocaloric refrigeration/heat pumping technologies depend on the discovery of new materials that demonstrate large, tunable magnetocaloric effects (MCEs) in the vicinity of coupled magnetic and structural phase transitions that occur reversibly with minimum hysteresis. With this in mind, we investigate phase transitions, microstructure, magnetic, thermal, magnetocaloric, and transport properties of (Gd5-xScx)Si1.8Ge2.2 compounds. Replacement of magnetic Gd with non-magnetic Sc in Gd5-xScxSi1.8Ge2.2 increases the ferromagnetic to paramagnetic first order phase transition temperature, TC, with only a minor reduction in MCE when x ≤ 0.2. We also demonstrate that hydrostatic pressure further increases TC and reduces the hysteresis of the first order phase transition in Gd4.8Sc0.2Si1.8Ge2.2 from 7 to 4 K. Temperature-dependent x-ray powder diffraction study of Gd4.8Sc0.2Si1.8Ge2.2 confirms the monoclinic ↔ orthorhombic structural transformation at TC, in agreement with magnetic, calorimetric, and electrical transport measurements. In addition to the substantial magnetocaloric effect, a large magnetoresistance of ∼20% is also observed in Gd4.8Sc0.2Si1.8Ge2.2 for ΔH = 50 kOe in the vicinity of the magnetostructural transition. In a drastic reversal of the initial doping behavior further additions of Sc (x > 0.2) suppress formation of the monoclinic phase, change the nature of the transition from first-to second-order, and reduce both the transition temperature and magnetocaloric effect.

Language

en

Department of Energy Subject Categories

36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

Available for download on Friday, December 21, 2018

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