Chemical and Biological Engineering; Materials Science and Engineering; Neuroscience; Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy
Chemical and Biological Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Neuroscience, Ames Laboratory, Physics and Astronomy
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Using synchrotron-based small-angle X-ray scattering techniques, we demonstrate that poly(ethylene glycol)-functionalized gold nanoparticles (PEG-AuNPs) are assembled into close-packed structures that include short-range order with face-centered cubic structure, where crystalline qualities are varied by controlling the electrolyte concentration, pH, and temperature of the suspensions. We show that interpolymer complexation with poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) is induced by lowering the pH level of the PEG-AuNPs suspensions, and furthermore, increasing the temperature of the suspension strengthens interparticle attraction, leading to improved supercrystal structures. Our results indicate that this strategy creates robust nanoparticle superlattices with high thermal stability. The effects of PAA and PEG chain lengths on the assemblies are also investigated, and their optimal conditions for creating improved superlattices are discussed.
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)
Available for download on Wednesday, February 02, 2022