Physical Review B
Expansive open Fermi arcs covering most of the surface Brillouin zone (SBZ) are desirable for detection and control of many topological phenomena, but they have generally been reported for Kramers-Weyl points, or unconventional chiral fermions, pinned at time-reversal invariant momentum in chiral materials. Here using first-principles band structure calculations, we show that for conventional Weyl points in ZrTe5 with the chirality of +1/−1 near the BZ center at general momentum induced by one of the infrared phonons—the second lowest B1u mode for breaking inversion symmetry—they can also form expansive open Fermi arcs across the SBZ boundary to occupy most of the SBZ when projected on the (001) surface. We reveal that such expansive open Fermi arcs are evolved from the topological surface states that connect multiple surface Dirac points on the (001) surface of the topological insulator phases without lattice distortion in ZrTe5. Furthermore, we find that the connectivity of the induced open Fermi arcs can be changed by the magnitude of the lattice distortion of this infrared phonon mode. Thus, we propose that using coherent optical phonons to modulate lattice parameters can offer ways to induce unique topological features including expansive open Fermi arcs and to dynamically control Fermi arc connectivity in ZrTe5.
DOE Contract Number(s)
Department of Energy Subject Categories
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)