Ames Laboratory; Physics and Astronomy
Ames Laboratory, Physics and Astronomy
Physical Review B
We study the effects of anisotropic order parameters on the temperature dependence of London penetration depth anisotropy γ λ ( T ) . After MgB 2 , this dependence is commonly attributed to distinct gaps on multiband Fermi surfaces in superconductors. We have found, however, that the anisotropy parameter may depend on temperature also in one-band materials with anisotropic order parameters Δ ( T , k F ) ; a few such examples are given. We have also found that for different order parameters, the temperature dependence of Δ ( T ) / Δ ( 0 ) can be represented with good accuracy by the interpolation suggested by Einzel [J. Low Temp. Phys 131, 1 (2003)], which simplifies considerably the evaluation of γ λ ( T ) . Of particular interest are mixed order parameters of two symmetries for which γ λ ( T ) may go through a maximum for a certain relative weight of two phases. Also, for this case we find that the ratio Δ max ( 0 ) / T c may exceed substantially the weak-coupling limit of 1.76. It, however, does not imply strong coupling; rather, it is due to significantly anisotropic angular variation of Δ .
DOE Contract Number(s)
Department of Energy Subject Categories
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
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