Lithium nickel borides: evolution of [NiB] layers driven by Li pressure
Ames Laboratory; Chemistry; Physics and Astronomy
Ames Laboratory, Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy
Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers
Here we show the effect of Li chemical pressure on the structure of layered polymorphs with LiNiB composition: RT-LiNiB (room temperature polymorph) and HT-LiNiB (high temperature polymorph), resulting in stabilization of the novel RT-Li1+xNiB (x ∼ 0.17) and HT-Li1+yNiB (y ∼ 0.06) phases. Depending on the synthesis temperature and initial Li content, precisely controlled via hydride route synthesis, [NiB] layers undergo structural deformations, allowing for extra Li atoms to be accommodated between the layers. In situ variable temperature synchrotron and time-dependent laboratory powder X-ray diffraction studies suggest Li step-wise deintercalation processes: RT-Li1+xNiB → RT-LiNiB (high temp.) → LiNi3B1.8 → binary Ni borides and HT-Li1+yNiB → HT-LiNiB (high temp.) → LiNi3B1.8 → binary Ni borides. Quantum chemistry calculations and solid state 7Li and 11B NMR spectroscopy shed light on the complexity of real superstructures of these compounds determined from high resolution synchrotron powder diffraction data.
DOE Contract Number(s)
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)