Ames Laboratory; Mechanical Engineering
Ames Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering
Journal of Power Sources
We report a mechano-chemical model for anodic degradation during fast-charging of nickel-manganese-cobalt (NMC)/graphite (C) cell due to SEI growth, lithium plating/stripping, dead lithium storage, and film fracture of composite SEI and plated lithium film. Degradation of the battery is analyzed for a range of charging rates from 1 to 6 C-rates, and the influence of plating mechanisms – lithium plating and dead lithium deposition and recovery during stripping – on the film resistance of the anode are accounted for in the model. Dynamic evolution of the interfacial properties is modeled using rule-of-mixture approach. Model predictions of plating associated stress fields are used to compute critical energy release rate for film cracking. The results indicate an increased tendency of fracture for thinner SEI film with lithium plating at higher charging rates. The process of reforming the cracked film absorbs a significant portion of the electrode current thereby reducing the cell capacity and plating efficiency. The mechano-chemical model provides an extensive analytical framework for understanding the synergistic coupling of anodic degradation mechanisms, prognosticating conditions of SEI failure, and evaluating the capacity fade and efficiency of lithium-ion battery.
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)
Available for download on Tuesday, November 16, 2021