Ames Laboratory; Materials Science and Engineering
Ames Laboratory, Materials Science and Engineering
The feasibility of three-dimensional printing via the Directed Energy Deposition (DED) technique is demonstrated for the ferromagnetic AlFe2B2 (aka 1-2-2) compound, which shows promise as a working material for room-temperature magnetocaloric devices. Like many intermetallic materials, the 1-2-2 compound is brittle at room temperature; not only is it difficult to synthesize from the melt, it is challenging to form it into useful geometries necessary for effective heat transfer in magnetocaloric devices. Using Laser Engineered Net Shaping (LENSTM) synthesis from two powder precursors, AlB2 and Fe, samples of simple (rod) and complex (honeycomb) architectures were successfully synthesized. The phase constitution and distribution, magnetic transition temperature, and saturation magnetization determined for the LENSTM-synthesized rod sample are all similar to those obtained for 1-2-2 materials made by conventional casting. Further, the measured magnetic entropy change, as determined from Maxwell's Relations applied to magnetic data, indicates that the magnetocaloric response of the annealed LENSTM-printed rod samples are comparable to those of the 1-2-2 compounds made by conventional techniques. These results confirm that complex magnetofunctional shapes, which are needed for efficient energy conversion in magnetocaloric devices, can be rapidly fabricated from the AlFe2B2 compound.
DOE Contract Number(s)
Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)
Available for download on Tuesday, March 15, 2022