Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-22-2009

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Applied Physics

Volume

105

Issue

12

First Page

123912

DOI

10.1063/1.3149773

Abstract

The reaction path for the synthesis of LaFeAsO and LaFeAsO1−xFy by solid state reaction was studied by in situ high temperature x-ray diffraction technique and differential thermal analysis in the temperature interval 100 °C ⩽ T ⩽ 1150 °C. Starting with LaAs, Fe2O3, Fe, and LaF3 as precursors, the results show that the synthesis is characterized by three temperature intervals: (1) Below 500 °C the sequential reduction of Fe2O3 and Fe3O4takes place through the oxidization of LaAs. Below 400 °C, Fe2O3 is reduced to Fe3O4 by LaAs and then at 400 °C<T<500 °C Fe3O4 is further reduced to Fe. (2) In the temperature interval 500 °C<T<800 °C, multiple intermediate reactions take place resulting in the formation of FeAs and La2O3. (3) The formation of LaFeAsO based phase could be unambiguously resolved above 800 °C. For both LaFeAsO and LaFeAsO1−xFy, FeAs is a primary impurity at high temperatures that melts at ∼ 1040 °C. Possible reaction pathways and the difference between F-free and F-doped samples are discussed.

Comments

The following article appeared in Journal of Applied Physics 105 (2009): 123912, and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3149773.

Copyright Owner

American Institute of Physics

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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