Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2013

Journal or Book Title

Applied Physics Letters

Volume

102

Issue

4

First Page

042402

DOI

10.1063/1.4789527

Abstract

Rare-earth (R) permanent magnets of R2Fe14B have technological importance due to their high energy products, and they have two R-sites (Wyckoff 4f and 4g, with four-fold multiplicity) that affect chemistry and valence. Designing magnetic behavior and stability via alloying is technologically relevant to reduce critical (expensive) R-content while retaining key properties;cerium, an abundant (cheap) R-element, offers this potential. We calculate magnetic propertiesand Ce site preference in ( R1−xCex) 2Fe14B [R = La,Nd] using density functional theory (DFT)methods—including a DFT + U scheme to treat localized 4f-electrons. Fe moments compare well with neutron data—almost unaffected by Hubbard U, and weakly affected by spin-orbit coupling.In La2Fe14B, Ce alloys for 0≤x≤1 and prefers smaller R(4f) sites, as observed, a trend we find unaffected by valence. Whereas, in Nd2Fe14B, Ce is predicted to have limited alloying ( x≤0.3 ) with a preference for larger R(4g) sites, resulting in weak partial ordering and segregation. The Curie temperatures versus x for (Nd,Ce) were predicted for a typical sample processing and verified experimentally.

Comments

The following article appeared in Appl Phys. Lett. 102, 042402 (2013) and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4789527.

Rights

Copyright 2013 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.

Copyright Owner

American Institute of Physics

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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