Journal or Book Title
Journal of Physical Chemistry B
The solvation of alanine is investigated, with a focus on adding a sufficient number of discrete water molecules to determine the first solvation shell for both the nonionized (N) and zwitterionic (Z) forms to converge the enthalpy of solvation and the enthalpy difference for the two forms of alanine. Monte Carlo sampling was employed using the generalized effective fragment potential (EFP) method to determine the global minimum of both conformers, with the number of EFP water molecules ranging from 32−49. A subset of sampled geometries were optimized with second-order perturbation theory (MP2) using the 6-31++G(d,p) basis set. Single point energies were calculated at these geometries using the polarizable continuum model (PCM). The predicted 298.15 K enthalpy of solvation ranges for MP2/6-31++G(d,p) and MP2+PCM//MP2/6-31++G(d,p) are 10.0−13.2 kcal/mol and 10.1−12.6 kcal/mol, respectively.
American Chemical Society
Mullin, Jonathan M. and Gordon, Mark S., "Water and Alanine: From Puddles(32) to Ponds(49)" (2009). Ames Laboratory Publications. 341.