Campus Units

Chemistry, Ames Laboratory

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2011

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Chemical Physics

Volume

134

First Page

1

Last Page

13

DOI

10.1063/1.3568010

Abstract

The Z-vector equations are derived and implemented for solving the response term due to the external electrostatic potentials, and the corresponding contribution is added to the energy gradients in the framework of the fragment molecular orbital (FMO) method. To practically solve the equations for large molecules like proteins, the equations are decoupled by taking advantage of the local nature of fragments in the FMO method and establishing the self-consistent Z-vector method. The resulting gradients are compared with numerical gradients for the test molecular systems: (H2O)64, alanine decamer, hydrated chignolin with the protein data bank (PDB) ID of 1UAO, and a Trp-cage miniprotein construct (PDB ID: 1L2Y). The computation time for calculating the response contribution is comparable to or less than that of the FMO self-consistent charge calculation. It is also shown that the energy gradients for the electrostatic dimer approximation are fully analytic, which significantly reduces the computational costs. The fully analytic FMO gradient is parallelized with an efficiency of about 98% on 32 nodes.

Comments

The following article appeared in Journal of Chemical Physics 134 (2011): 124115, and may be found at doi:10.1063/1.3568010.

Rights

Copyright 2011 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.

Copyright Owner

American Institute of Physics

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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