Journal or Book Title
Physical Review B
Formation energies of native defects in Bi2(TexSe3−x), with comparison to ideal Bi2Te2S, are calculated in density-functional theory to assess transport properties. Bi2Se3 is found to be n type for both Bi- and Se-rich growth conditions, while Bi2Te3 changes fromn to p type going from Te- to Bi-rich conditions, as observed. Bi2Te2Se and Bi2Te2S are generally n type, explaining observed heavily doped n-type behavior in most samples. A (0/−) transition level at 16 meV above valence-band maximum for Bi on Te antisites in Bi2Te2Se is related to the observed thermally active transport gap causing a p-to-n transition at low temperature. Bi2(TexSe3−x) with x>2 are predicted to have high bulk resistivity due to effective carrier compensation when approaching the n-to-pcrossover. Predicted behaviors are confirmed from characterization of our grown single crystals.
American Physical Society
Wang, Linlin; Huang, Mianliang; Thimmaiah, Srinivasa; Alam, Aftab; Bud'ko, Sergey L.; Kaminski, Adam; Lograsso, Thomas A.; Canfield, Paul C.; and Johnson, Duane D., "Native defects in tetradymite Bi2(TexSe3−x) topological insulators" (2013). Ames Laboratory Publications. 40.