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Materials Science and Engineering, Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory

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Publication Version

Published Version

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Journal or Book Title

Physical Review B



First Page





Large high-quality single crystals of hole-doped iron-based superconductor (Ba1-xKx)Fe2As2 were grown over a broad composition range 0.22 <= x <= 1 by inverted temperature gradient method. We found that high soaking temperature, fast cooling rate, and an adjusted temperature window of the growth are necessary to obtain single crystals of heavily K-doped crystals (0.65 <= x <= 0.92) with narrow compositional distributions as revealed by sharp superconducting transitions in magnetization measurements and close to 100% superconducting volume fraction. The crystals were extensively characterized by x-ray and compositional analysis, revealing monotonic evolution of the c-axis crystal lattice parameter with K substitution. Quantitative measurements of the temperature-dependent in-plane resistivity rho(T) found doping-independent, constant within error bars, resistivity at room temperature, rho(300 K), in sharp contrast with the significant doping dependence in electron and isovalent substituted BaFe2As2 based compositions. The shape of the temperature-dependent resistivity, rho(T), shows systematic doping-evolution, being close to T-2 in overdoped and revealing significant contribution of the T-linear component at optimum doping. The slope of the upper critical field, d H-c2/dT, scales linearly with T-c for both H parallel to c, H-c2,(c), and H parallel to ab, H-c2,H-ab. The anisotropy of the upper critical field. equivalent to Hc(2,ab)/H-c2,H-c determined near zero-field T-c increases from similar to 2 to 4-5 with increasing K doping level from optimal x similar to 0.4 to strongly overdoped x = 1.


This article is published as Liu, Y., M. A. Tanatar, W. E. Straszheim, B. Jensen, K. W. Dennis, R. W. McCallum, V. G. Kogan, R. Prozorov, and T. A. Lograsso. "Comprehensive scenario for single-crystal growth and doping dependence of resistivity and anisotropic upper critical fields in (Ba 1− x K x) Fe 2 As 2 (0.22≤ x≤ 1)." Physical Review B 89, no. 13 (2014): 134504. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.134504. Posted with permission.

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American Physical Society



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