Materials Science and Engineering, Ames Laboratory
Journal or Book Title
Samarium-cobalt alloys are used in some of the strongest permanent magnets, particularly for applications between about 200 and 550°C, but the utilization of these materials is restricted by their brittleness. Improving their mechanical resilience would allow them to be used more widely and, in some cases, substitute for neodymium-based magnet alloys which are subject to supply-chain risks. We have engineered a series of novel microstructures with bi-modal grain size distributions to achieve unprecedented combinations of mechanical and magnetic properties. Improvements up to 73% are obtained in the flexural strength of Sm2(CoFeCuZr)17 sintered magnets, with negligible impact on the magnetic properties. Our mechanically-robust, high-performance Sm-Co magnets are made without changing the chemical compositions of the materials or their heat treatment procedures, making them highly compatible with existing manufacturing processes.
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Acta Materialia Inc.
Cui, Baozhi; Liu, Xubo; King, Alexander H.; Ouyang, Gaoyuan; Nlebedim, Cajetan I.; and Cui, Jun, "Overcoming Mechanical Fragility in Sm-Co Permanent Magnet Materials" (2020). Ames Laboratory Publications. 432.
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