Journal or Book Title
Genetics Selection Evolution
Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are important elements of the first line of defence against pathogens in animals. NK-lysin is a cationic AMP that plays a critical role in innate immunity. The chicken NK-lysin gene has been cloned and its antimicrobial and anticancer activity has been described but its location in the chicken genome remains unknown. Here, we mapped the NK-lysin gene and examined the distribution of a functionally significant single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) among different chicken inbred lines and heritage breeds. A 6000 rad radiation hybrid panel (ChickRH6) was used to map the NK-lysin gene to the distal end of chromosome 22. Two additional genes, the adipocyte enhancer-binding protein 1-like gene (AEBP1) and the DNA polymerase delta subunit 2-like (POLD2) gene, are located in the same NW_003779909 contig as NK-lysin, and were thus indirectly mapped to chromosome 22 as well. Previously, we reported a functionally significant SNP at position 271 of the NK-lysin coding sequence in two different chicken breeds. Here, we examined this SNP and found that the A allele appears to be more common than the G allele in these heritage breeds and inbred lines. The chicken NK-lysin gene mapped to the distal end of chromosome 22. Two additional genes,AEBP1 and POLD2, were indirectly mapped to chromosome 22 also. SNP analyses revealed that the A allele, which encodes a peptide with a higher antimicrobial activity, is more common than the G allele in our tested inbred lines and heritage breeds.
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Lee, Mi Ok; Yang, Ence; Morisson, Mireille; Vignal, Alain; Huang, Yong-Zhen; Cheng, Hans H.; Muir, William M.; Lamont, Susan J.; Lillehoj, Hyun Soon; Lee, Sung Hyen; and Womack, James E., "Mapping and Genotypic Analysis of the NK-Lysin Gene in Chicken" (2014). Animal Science Publications. 185.