Journal or Book Title
Journal of Animal Science
The purpose of this study was to determine the specific effects of extending the interval between dwell time and the duration of scalding on pork quality attributes. Sixty-four Duroc × Yorkshire pigs were randomly assigned to a 2 × 2 factorial treatment arrangement. Treatments included extending the dwell duration from 5 to 10 min and extending the scald duration from 5 to 8 min. All carcasses entered the cooler 50 min after exsanguination. At exsanguination, blood was collected for three 1-min intervals and then for a final 2-min period. Temperature and pH of the LM and semimembranosus muscle (SM) were measured at 45 min, and at 2, 4, 6, and 24 h postmortem (PM). Hunter L*, a*, and b* values were determined on the LM, SM, and biceps femoris (BF). Purge loss was measured on the SM, BF, and the sirloin end of the loin. Drip loss was measured in duplicate from LM chops after 1 and 5 d of storage. Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBS) measurements were determined on LM chops aged 1, 3, 5, and 7 d PM. Over 99% of the collected blood was obtained during the first 3 min after sticking. Carcasses scalded for 8 min had greater (P < 0.05) semi-membranosus 2 h temperature (28.8°C) than carcasses scalded 5 min (27.3°C). An 8-min scald process resulted in longissimus dorsi chops with lower hue angle and greater WBS values than the 5-min scald process. Increasing dwell time from 5 to 10 min resulted in biceps femoris chops with greater hue angle and loin chops with greater WBS values at 3 d PM. Harvest processes did not significantly affect subjective quality scores, Hunter L* values, purge or drip loss. Lengthening the duration of dwell and scalding may result in a more rapid PM pH decline. Reducing the duration of scalding may lead to increased time for manual removal of hair. Because of differences in facilities, it is recommended that individual facilities monitor dwell and scald durations to determine how to best minimize time of entry into the cooler.
American Society of Animal Science
Gardner, Matt A.; Huff-Lonergan, Elisabeth J.; Rowe, L. J.; Schultz-Kaster, Collette; and Lonergan, Steven M., "Influence of harvest processes on pork loin and ham quality" (2006). Animal Science Publications. 26.