Journal or Book Title
Journal of Animal Science
The objective of this trial was to determine whether a single bolus of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH D3), vitamin E, or a combination of the 2 would improve the tenderness of steaks from the LM of beef heifers. Forty-eight Angus crossbred heifers were allotted randomly to 8 pens. Six heifers were in each pen, and there were 2 pens per treatment. The 4 treatments included control (no 25-OH D3 or vitamin E); 25-OH D3 (500 mg of 25-OH D3 administered as a one-time oral bolus 7 d before slaughter); vitamin E (1,000 IU of vitamin E administered daily as a top-dress for 104 d before slaughter); or combination (500 mg of 25-OH D3administered as a one-time oral bolus 7 d before slaughter and 1,000 IU of vitamin E administered daily as a top-dress for 104 d before slaughter). Blood samples were obtained on the day that heifers were allotted to treatments, on the day 25-OH D3 was administered, and on the day before slaughter. Plasma calcium concentration was increased when 25-OH D3 was administered with or without vitamin E (P < 0.007). In LM, calcium concentration tended to increase (P = 0.10) when 25-OH D3 was administered alone but not when 25-OH D3 was administered with vitamin E. Concentrations of 25-OH D3 and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in plasma were increased when 25-OH D3 was administered with or without vitamin E (P < 0.001). Steaks from heifers treated with 25-OH D3or vitamin E, but not both, tended to have lower Warner-Bratzler shear force than steaks in the control group at 14 d postmortem (P = 0.08). Postmortem protein degradation as measured by Western blot of the 30-kDa degradation product of troponin-T was increased with all treatments after 3 d postmortem (P ≤ 0.07), but not at 7 or 14 d postmortem. Unexpectedly, the use of 500 mg of 25-OH D3 fed as an oral bolus 7 d before slaughter or 1,000 IU of vitamin E administered daily for 104 d before slaughter alone, but not in combination, effectively decreased Warner-Bratzler shear force.
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
Carnagey, Kristen M.; Huff-Lonergan, Elisabeth J.; Trenkle, Allen H.; Wertz-Lutz, A. E.; Horst, Ronald L.; and Beitz, Donald C., "Use of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and vitamin E to improve tenderness of beef from the longissimus dorsi of heifers" (2008). Animal Science Publications. 38.