Title

Effect of weaning age on nursery pig and sow reproductive performance

Campus Units

Animal Science

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2008

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Swine Health and Production

Volume

16

Issue

3

First Page

131

Last Page

137

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the effect of weaning age on nursery-pig and sow reproductive performance.

Materials and methods: A total of 2467 crossbred barrows and gilts from 339 litters produced in a commercial multiplication herd were randomly allocated to pens by weaning age. Average weaning-age treatments were 15 days (14, 15, and 16 days) and 20 days (19, 20, and 21 days). To evaluate the effect of weaning age on nursery-pig performance, average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), gain:feed ratio, and feed cost per kg gain were evaluated. Subsequent sow reproductive performance evaluated included wean-to-first-service interval (WSI), wean-to-conception interval, total number of piglets born, and total live-born piglets.

Results: Mean 42-day weight was greater (21.8 ± 0.16 versus 18.7 ± 0.11 kg; P < .001), nursery ADG was greater (0.79 ± .01 versus 0.71 ± 0.04 kg per day; P < .01), ADFI was greater (0.64 ± 0.01 versus 0.57 ± 0.01 kg per day; P < .001), and 1.06 % fewer pigs were removed from test (P < .05) in pigs weaned at average 20 days of age than in pigs weaned at average 15 days of age. Sow reproductive traits did not differ between the two weaning-awge treatment groups. Parity was a significant source of variation for WSI and total live-born piglets.

Implications: Weaning age between 15 and 20 days may have no effect on sow reproductive traits, but may significantly impact nursery growth rate.

Comments

This is an article from Smith, Alison L., Kenneth J. Stalder, Timo V. Serenius, Tom J. Baas, and John W. Mabry. "Effect of weaning age on nursery pig and sow reproductive performance." Journal of Swine Health and Production 16, no. 3 (2008): 131-137. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

American Association of Swine Veterinarians

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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